renegade, apostate, turncoat, recreant, backslider are strongly derogatory terms denoting a person who forsakes his faith or party, a cause, or an allegiance, and aligns himself with another.
Renegade, originally applied to a Christian who became a Mohammedan, came to mean one who completely denies all he has been brought up to believe by going over to the enemy or the opposition

venom the renegade can summon up against his former beliefs and associates—New Yorker

Apostate stresses the giving up, either voluntarily or under compulsion, of something (as one's religious beliefs or political or intellectual principles) one has formerly professed and the acceptance of others which are usually, by implication, of a less exalted character. Apostate therefore usually connotes surrender, but it need not, as renegade often does, imply treachery or hostility to what is forsaken

that incomparable apostate from intelligence— Laski


prepared to welcome back even the apostate, if he shows repentance and remorse— Bienenstok

Turncoat, a contemptuous designation, differs from renegade and apostate chiefly in its implications that profession of faith or allegiance is regarded lightly and that convenience or profit rather than conviction motivates the change

an American who went abroad and stayed, without an official excuse . . . was regarded as a turncoatBrooks

Recreant, like apostate, implies a retreat from a stand one has taken, but it stresses cowardice and meanspiritedness, and usually connotes treachery to the party or cause once supported

all such recreants as either refused to sail with the colonists or having sailed with them should afterwards desert— Frazer

Backslider, in contrast to the other terms, usually implies a previous conversion and a reversion to the old indifference or the old beliefs; thus, a convert who goes back to his earlier state morally or to his earlier religious affiliation is regarded as a backslider by one adherent to the position he held as a convert.
Analogous words: *rebel, insurgent, iconoclast: deserter, forsaker, abandoner (see corresponding verbs at ABANDON): *heretic, schismatic
Antonyms: adherent

New Dictionary of Synonyms. 2014.

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  • Renegade — may refer to:*Renegade (Middle Ages), a term for a fallen Christian or a knight without allegiance. From Spanish renegado, from Medieval Latin renegatus, perfect participle of renego deny . See also: Ronin. In music: * Green Renegade , a… …   Wikipedia

  • Renegade — (engl. Abtrünniger, Überläufer, Renegat) steht für ursprünglich einen Abtrünnigen einer Religion, heutzutage auch verallgemeinert einen Abtrünnigen eines Glaubens oder Wertesystems, siehe Renegat Verkehr Renegade (Luftfahrt), die Verwendung eines …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Renegade — (видеоигра) Command Conquer: Renegade (компьютерная игра) Renegade (альбом)  музыкальный альбом шведской группы HammerFall Ренегат (фильм)  фильм 1987 г. (Италия, жанр: боевик, комедия, приключения) Renegade: Fighting Cage… …   Википедия

  • renegade — [adj] rebellious apostate, backsliding, disloyal, dissident, heterodox, mutinous, outlaw, radical, reactionary, rebel, recreant, revolutionary, runaway, schismatic, traitorous, unfaithful, untraditional; concepts 401,542 Ant. obedient, passive,… …   New thesaurus

  • renegade — [ren′ə gād΄] n. [Sp renegado, pp. of renegar, to deny < ML renegare < L re , again + negare, to deny (see NEGATION); the word replaces ME renagat < ML renegatus, pp. of renegare] 1. a person who abandons one religion for another;… …   English World dictionary

  • Renegade — Ren e*gade (r?n ? g?d), n. [Sp. renegado, LL. renegatus, fr. renegare to deny; L. pref. re re + negare to deny. See {Negation}, and cf. {Runagate}.] One faithless to principle or party. Specifically: (a) An apostate from Christianity or from any… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • renegade — index fugitive, insurgent, malcontent, pariah, recreant Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • renegade — 1580s, apostate, probably (with change of suffix) from Sp. renegado, originally Christian turned Muslim, from M.L. renegatus, prop. pp. of renegare deny (see RENEGE (Cf. renege)). General sense of turncoat is from 1660s. The form renegate,… …   Etymology dictionary

  • renegade — ► NOUN ▪ a person who deserts and betrays an organization, country, or set of principles. ► ADJECTIVE ▪ having treacherously changed allegiance. ORIGIN Spanish renegado, from Latin renegare renounce …   English terms dictionary

  • Renegade — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Cinéma Renegade est un film italien sorti en 1987. Renegade est le nom américain du film français Blueberry, l expérience secrète. Musique Renegade est le …   Wikipédia en Français

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